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January 21, 2019     
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Arabian Horses in the United States and Their Origin

by General J.M. Dickinson

Reprinted by permission of his daughter Margaret D. Fleming

Part 4 - Registration and Distribution in the United States

It must be remembered that the Arab is the only breed of horses in which no out-cross is permitted, or has been permitted in historic times. In fact, the Arab is considered a distinct sub-species rather than just another breed. Although some Arabian blood flows in the veins of all of our recognized light horse breeds, the Arab carries no blood whatsoever from such breeds, or from any known source other than its own kind. The production of pure bred Arabs, which only can be registered, is strictly limited by the number of pure Arab mares available for breeding purposes. In the nature of things pure Arabs can hardly ever become as numerous as horses of other breeds in which out-crossing has been permitted in the past, even if no longer allowed. Consequently, though various early imported Arabs were important in the development of racing saddle stock, all living and registered Arabs descend from horses imported since 1878 most of them from stock brought here after 1900.

Arab horses of authentic pedigree imported directly from Arabia, Egypt, Europe, or South America are registered by the Arabian Horse Club of America. Such horses and some Barbs and Turks, imported into France and before 1921 to England, carry registration in the French and British Stud Books for Thoroughbreds. The latter or descendants of the same, subsequently imported into the United States from France or England, have been subject to registration by the Jockey Club. However, in recognition of the fact that the Arab and the Thoroughbred are different breeds and that the Arabian Horse Club maintains a stud book for the registration of Arabs, the Jockey Club has not registered any Arab since 1943.

There are less than three thousand living Arabian horses of all ages in the United States at the present time, of these much less than half are stallions, of which the United States Remount Service owns a substantial number. California has by far the largest number of Arabian horses, with a substantial number scattered through out the West, and a smaller number in the eastern states. There are numerous American bred Arabs in foreign countries, around the world.

The produce of Arabs and Thoroughbreds are generally referred to abroad as Anglo-Arabs. Anglo-Arab and other half-bred foals gotten by registered, pure bred Arab stallions are eligible to registration in the Half-Bred Book conducted by the American Remount Association. But, it should be understood that no such Anglo-Arab or half-bred Arab is entitled to the name of Arab or Arabian horse. The Arabian Horse Club of America registers pure Arabs only. Travelers Rest Arabian Horses are all pure-bred and registered as such.



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